The Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 117/2021 of March 24, 2021, enacted the decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine on the Strategy for the De-occupation and Reintegration of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol (hereinafter – the Strategy).
Pursuant to paragraph 3 of the said decision of the NSDC, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine approved the Action Plan for the Implementation of the Strategy for the De-occupation and Reintegration of the Temporarily Occupied Territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol (hereinafter referred to as the Action Plan) by the Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 1171-r of September 29, 2021.
The Action Plan provides for the implementation of 158 measures in the following core areas:
- Protection of human rights and freedoms
- Legal protection of Ukrainian citizens and legal entities whose rights and legitimate interests have been violated as a result of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation and the temporary occupation of the territory of Ukraine
- Economic policy
- Social and humanitarian policy
- Information policy
- Strengthening national resilience
- International cooperation
- Defense and security policy
- Peculiarities of the state policy on ensuring the de-occupation of the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol
Due to the full-scale invasion of Russia, a number of regions, including those directly adjacent to the temporarily occupied territory of the AR of Crimea, are remaining occupied by the armed forces of the aggressor state. Thus, the implementation of a significant part of the Plan’s measures after February 24, 2022 became impossible.
Every two years from the date of adoption of this order, as well as after the de-occupation of the temporarily occupied territory of the AR of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, the Ministry of Reintegration analyzes the effectiveness of the implementation of the action plan in order to prepare in accordance with the established procedure and submit to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine proposals for amendments to the action plan.
Over the course of the Strategy, the Ministry of Reintegration, among other things, has done the following:
- More than 11 meetings of the interdepartmental commission were held to consider issues related to the recognition of persons deprived of their liberty as a result of armed aggression against Ukraine and the implementation of measures aimed at their social protection, and the interdepartmental commission approved a decision to provide budgetary funds in the amount established by law to more than 140 persons.
- In accordance with clause 13 of the Procedure for the social and legal protection of persons deprived of their liberty as a result of armed aggression against Ukraine, after their release, approved by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 1122 of 11.12.2019, more than 418 people received a one-time financial assistance.
- The Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On Amendments to the Procedure for the Social and Legal Protection of Persons Deprived of their Liberty as a Result of the Armed Aggression against Ukraine, after their Release” No. 1370 of December 23, 2021 was developed and adopted.
- Ensured the development and adoption by the UN General Assembly on December 9, 2021, of resolution 76/70 “Problem of militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, as well as parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov”. On December 16, 2021, the UN General Assembly drafted and adopted Resolution 76/179 “Situation of human rights in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine”.
- The Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 326 of 20.03.2022 approved the Procedure for determining the damage and losses caused to Ukraine as a result of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation.
- Digitalization of services:
- A comprehensive eBaby service was launched through the Diia portal for Ukrainian citizens living in the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine.
- The possibility to submit an online application on the Diia portal for a preferential mortgage loan for IDPs at the expense of a grant provided by the KfW was introduced.
- A mechanism for remote identification of recipients of pension and cash payments (including IDPs) in the personal account of the Pension Fund of Ukraine portal using a qualified electronic signature “Diia. Signature” (Diya ID) to continue receiving such pensions and social benefits.
- The possibility of submitting an electronic application through the Diia portal to change the actual place of residence/stay of an IDP was introduced.
- The possibility of submitting an application through the Diia portal for the appointment of financial assistance for the next six months (in the absence of changes affecting its appointment), or an application for termination of payment of financial assistance in electronic form for IDPs was introduced.
- As part of the implementation of the budget program “Provision of preferential mortgage loans to internally displaced persons”, in accordance with the Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany on financial cooperation (allocations 2016) (project “Housing for internally displaced persons”, signed on June 3, 2020 in Kyiv, ratified by the Law of Ukraine of December 2, 2020 No. 1037-IX), 241 internally displaced persons received (purchased) housing in 2021.
- The emphasis was shifted to the reintegration of students. Thus, in order to improve the Procedure for the use of funds provided for in the state budget to ensure the reintegration of young people from the temporarily occupied territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions, the temporarily occupied territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, the scholarship support for students was increased to three subsistence minimums (for able-bodied persons established on January 1 of the calendar year per person) per person enrolled in reintegration courses.
- The Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of April 7, 2021, No. 296-p approved the Concept for the Development of the Crimean Tatar Language, developed by the Ministry of Reintegration.
- The Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 993 of 22.09.2021 approved the alphabet of the Crimean Tatar language based on the Latin script.
- In 2021, a series of educational materials was produced and distributed by order of the Ministry of Reintegration:
– a series of educational programs about dialects of the Crimean Tatar language (20 episodes of 30 minutes each) on the ATR TV channel;
– a series of short cartoons aimed at teaching children the Crimean Tatar alphabet (10 episodes of 2 minutes each) on the Crimean Tatar children’s TV channel “Lale”.
- In 2021, the Ministry of Reintegration successfully completed a project to support local broadcasters in Donetsk and Luhansk regions, as well as internally displaced broadcasters from Crimea; in 2021, 14 broadcasters (including two Crimean Tatar language broadcasters) were supported for a total of UAH 49 million.
In the future, the Ministry of Reintegration will initiate an update of the Action Plan for the implementation of the Strategy for De-occupation and Reintegration of the Temporarily Occupied Territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, taking into account the actual state of the temporarily occupied territory, the problems of the population living there, excluding tasks that have lost their relevance or have become impossible, and introducing newly acquired priority tasks in accordance with the established procedure.